What is a RPO?
RPO is Renewable Purchase Obligation. This is a procedure by which the State Power Regulating Income are required to get a certain amount of power from alternative power. RPO is being applied throughout the country to create demand for alternative power or energy.
Renewable Energy Certification (REC)
RECs are targeted at dealing with the mismatch of renewable energy sources in the Declares and their RPO specifications. Required organizations can meet their RPOs by buying RECs.
RECs are exchanged on the Indian Energy Exchange (IEX) and the Power Exchange of India Ltd (PXIL).
In line with RPOs there are two groups of RECs - Solar & Non-Solar.
Solar RECs consist of both PV and CSP technological innovation. Non-solar RECs consist of renewable energy technological innovation such as biomass, wind, biofuel, cogeneration & small hydro. Solar power RECs are exchanged once monthly - last Wed of each 30 month.
In order to give a lowest of certainty on REC costs, Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (CERC) has set a ground and patience cost for the interval up to 2017 between which the REC can be traded.
Floor Price is Rs 9300/- per MW and the Forbearance Price is Rs 13400/- per MW
Penalty for non-fulfillment of RPO will be the forbearance cost.
There are three groups of solar power tasks that are qualified for RECs 1. Projects for captive intake (Self use) - Eligible to receive REC only if concessions are not acquired in transmitting and wheeling expenses, financial expenses and power duty.
2. PPA with distribution licensee - PPA with regional distribution company at Average power purchase cost (APPC) as identified by SERC.
3. Selling to start up accessibility customers - Selling at mutually decided industry identified price with all the transmitting & wheeling and other expenses payable to the Transco / DISCOM duly paid.